Neural Optimal Transport with General Cost Functionals

May 2024
ICLR, 2024
Research areas

We introduce a novel neural network-based algorithm to compute optimal transport (OT) plans for general cost functionals. In contrast to common Euclidean costs, i.e., ℓ1 or ℓ2, such functionals provide more flexibility and allow using auxiliary information, such as class labels, to construct the required transport map. Existing methods for general cost functionals are discrete and do not provide an out-of-sample estimation. We address the challenge of designing a continuous OT approach for general cost functionals in high-dimensional spaces, such as images. We construct two example functionals: one to map distributions while preserving the class-wise structure and the other one to preserve the given data pairs. Additionally, we provide the theoretical error analysis for our recovered transport plans.